Navigation path

Mitigating Climate Change: Renewables in the EU - Vol. 2

Publication year: 
Main language: 
Publication Category: 
Scientific Reports
Publication number: 
Identifier and type: 
EUR 28677 EN
ISBN 978-92-79-70479-6
Manjola Banja
Fabio Monforti-Ferrario
Katalin Bódis
Albana Kona
Arnulf Jäger-Waldau
Nigel Taylor
Jean-François Dallemand
Publications Office of the European Union, 2017

Related files and links:

PUBSY Category: 
JRC Scientific and Technical Reports

The energy sector accounts for the lion’s share (55 %) of greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union (EU). While EU emissions had fallen by 22.1 % in 2015 compared with 1990, and continue to fall, the bloc’s economy grew by 27 % over that period. Since the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) entered into force, use of renewables has continued to grow in the 3 EU sectors that consume most energy (electricity, heating/ cooling and transport). This has done much to cut emissions. While the renewable share in gross final energy consumption rose from 12.4 % in 2009 to almost 17 % in 2015, the EU GHG emissions savings through renewables rose year-on-year by an annual average of 9 %. Fossil fuels are increasingly being displaced by renewables. The displacement between 1990 and 2015 amounted to 139 Mtoe equal to 11.5 % of the gross inland consumption of fossil fuels. The electricity sector accounted for almost 40 % of this displacement, with rapidly growing new technologies such as wind and photovoltaics accounting for almost 18 % of total fossil fuel displacement. Without renewable energy sources, total emissions in the EU would have been 8.7 % higher in 2009, 13.8 % higher in 2014 and 14.4 % higher in 2015.

This report represents an integrated analysis and provides:

(i) a concise overview of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) and aggregated emissions (in both the ETS and the ESD sectors), including recent trends in the EU as a whole, and in individual EU countries;

(ii) an assessment of the role played by renewables in mitigating climate change in the EU and individual countries between 2009 and 2014; and

(iii) a proxy estimate of emissions savings through the use of renewables in 2015.

See the visualisation of the report here

The data used in this analysis are sourced from:

- NREAPs and progress reports Data Portal

- JRC Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR)

- European Environment Agency

- Eurostat

- EUCO27 scenario

- Energy data sheets - EU 28 countries ( released on August 2017, DG ENER, Unit A4)