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Alternative Fuels (ALFA)

ALFA contributes scientific knowledge and analytical capacity to the European Commission's policy goals of:

ALFA assesses energy efficiencies and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) of policy options geared towards fostering the uptake of alternative transportation fuels. The main focus of analysis is on the sustainability of supply and the techno-economic viability.

Road transportation generates the highest fuel demand and energy consumption - and related negative impacts – in the transportation system. For that reason, it is at the core of ALFA analytical work. Demand for alternative fuels generated by non-road transportation modes has both complementary and competitive effects on supply volumes. The field of analysis of ALFA is therefore being progressively expanded into other transportation modes, namely focusing on aviation, which is the fastest growing one in terms of energy demand.

In more details the ALFA Action:

  • Develops, upgrades and improves methodological and analytical tools based on real-world input data to calculate and assess energy efficiency and GHG emissions balances of conventional and alternative fuel pathways and propulsion system solutions through the well-to-wheels approach.
  • Identifies and characterises sustainability aspects of biofuels/bioliquids and other alternative fuels, monitors the environmental performance of biofuels/bioliquids, and supports the European Commission in fulfilling its legal obligations, including reporting requirements.
  • Develops, upgrades and improves modelling on projections for demand and supply of alternative transport fuels and strives to achieve consensual visions with relevant Europe-based industry associations.
  • Primarily – but not exclusively – provides pro-active support to European Commission’s services in the form of: (1) timely disclosure of scientifically-sound results; (2) on-going expert input to the policy-making process and – where relevant – to the definition of policy objectives/targets in the field, and; (3) high-level contribution to the scientific debate in the field.
  • Via the Biofuels Coordinating Action steers consistency of objectives and activities across all relevant actions in the Joint Research Centre.